The first space tourist was Dennis Tito, an american engineer and a multi-billionaire, he paid $20 million to Russian Space Agency to fly him to International Space Station . He was accompanied by 2 Russian cosmonauts. The trip was in 2001 by Russian Spacecraft SOYUZ TM-32. Tito was @61 at the time of his flight . Tito had previously worked as a NASA engineer and was part of team of MARS & VENUS missions.
Albert II was a rhesus monkey who was the first mammal to enter space on 14 June 1949. He was sent in a V-2 Blossom rocket which blasted to a height of 134 km. The aim of the mission was to investigate the effects of space travel and acceleration on the body before humans ventured into space. After this, the USA sent an astonishing number of 31 monkeys into space with the purpose same as before. Out of them the first monkeys to go successfully into space and survive were Miss Baker and Able, on 28 May 1959. They achieved an altitude of 579 km. Unfortunately, Able died on 1 June 1959 due to an unusual reaction to anesthetic during an operation, but Miss Baker lived to a ripe age of 27. Her 20th birthday was marked with balloons and party, and she lived her life like a celebrity for the rest of it
One of the wackiest experiments in space investigated how jellyfish cope with zero gravity.
In 1991, NASA sent 2,478 moon jellyfish polyps (young) on the shuttle Columbia using the Space-lab module. The jellyfish grow and bred, making a final population of around 60,000 jellyfish in space. Instead of bobbing normally, the jellyfish turned in circles. however, many jellyfish born in space did not adjust properly to gravity when they returned to earth
Large Quasar Group (LQG)
The LQG's are the largest object in the universe and nothing is as large as them. They are 4 billion light years across, and for light to travel from one side to another it would take as long as the Earth has been in existence. LQG's have been found before and this one gets it's name from being much bigger than the other's. It extends to 5% of the observable universe. Although the LQG is gigantic, each quasar is small still each Quasar is the size of our Solar System. A Quasar pours as much light as 100-1000 galaxies of a billion stars.
On the International Space Station, astronauts usually wake at 06:00 and check the space station. Then, they take breakfast and hold a daily planning conference with the mission control team. They start their work around 8:10. their day consists of work and exercise session, followed by a one hour lunch break at 13:05. They stop work at 19:30, when they have dinner and a crew conference. The day ends at 21:30. They work ten hours each weekday, and five hours on Saturdays.
We all love building figures with LEGO, don't we? As well with its scientific instruments, Juno carries a metal plaque bearing a picture of the astronomer Galileo and some text in his handwriting that describes the discovery of the moons of Jupiter in 1610. It also carries 3 LEGO figures: one of Galileo and one of the Roman god Jupiter with his wife Juno. Although, most LEGO are made up of plastic, these were specially made up of aluminium. NASA and LEGO thought that these figures would encourage more and more children to be interested in science,technology, and space
The record breaking trip was by Russian Cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov . He spent the whole of 1994 and January of 1995 on the space station Mir, and completed the longest space flight of 437 days. He traveled a distance of 291 million km in a duration of 437 days and 18 hrs. Generally long space flights damage human bones and muscles, but after landing on earth polyakov walked a short distance from a capsule to a chair to show that he wants to go on mars and will return fit from mars!
Valentina Tereshkova was the first women in space .She was a Soviet cosmonaut who went into space on Vostok 6 in 1963.She was the first civilian in space. The duration of her mission was 2 days 22 hours. The most interesting fact about her was that neither she was a pilot nor an aerospace engineer, she worked in a textile factory and was selected as she was a a keen amateur parachutist.
Laika the cosmonaut dog was the most famous animal to orbit the earth in 1957. Laika was found on the streets of Moscow. Her duration in space was very short and she died on same day 3rd November 1957. Laika was 3 years old and weighted 5 kg. She died due to lack of oxygen.