Spaceopedia - the free encyclopedia

What is Space ?

Everything that exists is a part of Space. Space is an endless void which consists all the stars, planets, galaxies and practically everything. Space begins when Earth's atmosphere ends. In the ancient times it was believed that Space was empty however, with time it was proved that it consisted of innumerable galaxies (and everything which existed in galaxies) and vast amounts of gas and dust. Even the emptiest parts of space contain some amount of gas and dust.

How did the Universe come into existence ?

The Big Bang theory is the most likely theory which explains the birth of our universe and is widely accepted by most scientists of the world. It states that the Universe began as an extremely hot and dense singularity and rapidly expanded over a period of 13.8 billion years to the state that it is today. This theory was proposed by Russian mathematician Aleksandr Friedmann and Belgian astronomer Georges Lemaitre and was proved when two physicists (Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson) discovered Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation (CMBR) - The Primary Light or 'Afterglow' of the Big Bang.

Famous Astronauts - Astronauts who achieved great fame.

Valantina Tereshkova :

First women in space -Soviet Citizen -1963

Alan Shepard :

First American and second person in space -1961

Sally Ride 

First American women in space -1983

Alexei Leonov :

First soviet cosmonaut to conduct extravehicular activity in space(Spacewalk) -1965

Pham Tuan :

First Asian-Vietnamese in space -1980

Neil Armstrong :

First human to walk on moon -1969

Buzz Aldrin :

Second human to walk on moon -1969

Yang Liwei:

First Chinese person in space .

Dennis Tito:

First self funded space tourist-2001

Is there a law also in space ?

With the humans now capable of entering space and having an access to it certain rules and laws are put in place to protect space as well as themselves, these are known as space laws.


Peaceful exploration

In the current circumstances, if any country finds land which is unexplored, uninhabited , it can legally claim the land as a part of their country. However, when it comes to space, this rule is not applicable. The space right above a particular country cannot be considered as a part of their country, neither can any unexplored space territory can be claimed by that country.


Ban of nuclear testing

When the intention to carry out any nuclear tests in space became evident, a treaty was signed to prohibit it.





What is the Outer Space Treaty ?

The Outer Space Treaty is a treaty that puts certain restrictions on countries carrying space exploration. The directives of this treaty are: 

  • The exploration as well as use outer space shall only be carried out for the benefit and in interests of all countries and shall be the province of all humankind.
  • The Outer Space will be free for exploration and use by all the states (countries)
  • No country can claim space or any part of space.
  • Ban of nuclear testing ( see 'Is there  law in space')
  • Astronauts shall be regarded as envoys of humankind.
  • States will be responsible for national space activities whether carried by governmental or non-governmental activities.
  • States will be held responsible for the damage caused by their space objects.
  • States shall avoid harmful contamination of space and celestial bodies.

How did we get our Sun ?

The Sun was formed about 4.57 billion years ago from the collapse of a giant molecular cloud that consisted mostly of Hydrogen and Helium. Many studies show that one or more supernovae must have occurred nearby the area where the sun was formed. A shock-wave from a nearby supernova could have triggered the formation of our sun by compressing the matter within the molecular cloud and causing certain ares to collapse under their own gravity. Most of the matter gathered at the centre, whereas the rest flattened into an orbiting disk. Gravity and pressure within the core generated a lot of heat as it accumulated more matter from the surrounding disk, eventually triggering nuclear fusion. Hence our sun came into existence